GIS in INDIA Part – I

GIS – Geographic Information System is a system to capture, analyze, display and store geospatial data. Was starte in late 60’s. Roger Tomlinson from Canada is said to be the father of GIS. With the advancement in computer technology GIS become more easier in 1990s. With a lot of development in GIS applications it became an mainstream technology in this time. With more complex mathematical models and programming, calculating and dispalying the Geographical phenomenon made less time consuming and brought more proficiency in it.

GIS is a decision making tool which let Planners, Decision Makers  to take appropriate decision based on geospatial data and its analysis. GIS have wide scope. It can be applied to every thing which have a certain real time location on this earth.  GIS is more useful in analysing huge data. Whether its small level or big level GIS have something for everybody. From Real Estate to Infrastructure and From Civics to Census GIS have really wide scope.
For more information Please go through this links👉 https://googleweblight.com/?lite_url=https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geographic_information_system&ei=Ae86FiLr&lc=en-IN&s=1&m=345&ts=1445255305&sig=APONPFlSSf5WJelo3_tconMilcsmBtegmA
http://www.esri.com

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Image Courtesy: zontech.co.in

With the revolution in Satellites technology and easy data availability boosted REMOTE SENSING technology. When GIS was clubbed with Remote Sensing technology, together it become more powerful and effective tool. Today 100s of satellite are orbiting earth taking imageas on various wavelwngths. One of the best example is Landsat Missions of USA. it is so far one of the best and most successful mission. India too joined this club in 1975. In 1979 India launched first Remote Sensing satellite. Later in 1988 India Launched INSAT and in 1991 IRS series which obtained a great success.

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Landsat Mission Timeline. Image Courtesy: space.com

GIS in India:
GIS was used in India from 90s. ESRI ( World’s biggest and the best MNC of GIS software development ) made its entry in India in 1996. This helped GIS industry to settle down in India. As the rpots of ESRI and GIS started expanding its in India, the use of GIS by various big players likes of TCS, RELIANCE and WIPRO also started using the technology.  Other big companies like CYIENT, NOKIA MAPS, GOOGLE INDIA, CYBERTECH, TOMTOM, ROLTA etc. Companies too established in India. In the first decade of 21st century, more small big companies came into this field. As companies came, the need of skilled employment also increased. This want led to the stary of some academic courses of GIS in various universities of India.

GIS Education in India:
Today, there are number of Universities which run courses related to GIS. here is a list of some famous courses run by some famous universities:
1. NIT University, Rajasthan.
👉 https://googleweblight.com/?lite_url=https://www.niituniversity.in/admissions/mtech-programs/geographic-information-systems/&ei=lzcwShBu&lc=en-IN&s=1&m=345&ts=1445263302&sig=APONPFm2HZG23AHBcbmqa702tBim7RuHvA

2. Savitribai Fule University of Pune:
👉 http://unipune.ac.in/pgadmissions/university_of_pune_webfiles/geography_msc_geoinformatics.htm

3. Symbiosis International University:
👉 http://googleweblight.com/?lite_url=http://sig.ac.in/&ei=kwZStf9Y&lc=en-IN&s=1&m=345&ts=1445263490&sig=APONPFksIjWUxqDeDZjGR-UksYQkheX78g

4. IIRS, Dehradun:
👉 http://www.iirs.gov.in/mtech

5. Amity University:
👉 http://googleweblight.com/?lite_url=http://www.amity.edu/aigirs/Faculty.asp&ei=O1Z7lsZ-&lc=en-IN&s=1&m=345&ts=1445263618&sig=APONPFk1DBDPMNHLlYKhbTJ3OEwWT_6ltQ

6. Annamalai University:
👉 http://googleweblight.com/?lite_url=http://annamalaiuniversity.ac.in/deptprogs_0134.php?deptcode%3D0134&ei=JTNcU0oz&lc=en-IN&s=1&m=345&ts=1445263715&sig=APONPFnqNhQ02WFVwv69ODelUe9bvIByCA

These are some some famous and well known universities to offer GIS courses. Rather than this, there are GIS & RS Departments in IIT KANPUR, IIT KHARAGPUR and IIT POWAI. Diploma and certificate courses are available at many local level institutes. If we think about the quality of these courses, they are not really up to the mark. ( my personal opinion )

Now lets come to the point of employement generation and job opportunities for GIS students. With enough GIS MNCs working in India, one must think there is good employment opportunities in India. But wait, scenario is different. Every year there thousands of students pass out with appropriate certificates. But 40% of students remain jobless or they dont get well paid jobs. Eg. Every year Pune produces average 250 students with MSc. GIS degree. But hardly 130 to 150 students got job in the same year they passed out. Rest of other are jobless. (these numbers are based on generalised trends and not an actuall number)

Another problems that student face is “WE ARE FROM GEOGRAPHY BACKGRPUND & PROGRAMMING IS NOT OUR CUP OF TEA”
Recent trends suggest that, companies are more interested in Customization which needs a lot of programming. Specially companies like TCS. But the students with pure Geography Background are unable to catch up with programming. So these people get a low paid job or they remain jobless.
Now a days IT companies are also involved in GIS projects. So, these companies use their existing manpower to complete the projects. (All IT engineers can easily grasp the customization and other technical geospatial theories). So these things are also somehow responsible for the unemployment in the sector. So Now a Days a “Multidisciplinary” subject Geography have lost its importance. People join Geography to crack Public Service Exams or to enter in GIS.
THESE TRENDS ARE TAKING “GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION SYSTEM” to “INFORMATION SYSTEM” in India.

Now lets come to another point. All these big companies working in India, mostly work on the global projects. Which mostly dont include Indian projects. The companies coming to India from outside, they get cheap skilled labour force here. But this is very sad that we cannot utilise our own brain for our own Country. Talking about Infrastructure Companies, they are not really intersted in GIS, When GIS is te best technology to reduce time and save money. Now Government is the biggest work provider and hence Government should start thinking about GIS seriously.

Role of Government:
Government have never really showed up the interest to use this technology. Except ISRO, no other government agency is really active in the sector.

Now lets check out some links:
NSDI: NATIONAL SPATIAL DATA INFRASTRUCTURE:
Basically made for the access and avilibility of “Organised Spatial Data”. Based on the idea of “Spatial Data Infrastructure”.
👉 https://nsdiindia.gov.in/nsdi/nsdiportal/index.jsp
Well, all I found on this website is tons of PDF’s. Project completed reports from 1999 to 2007. Latest tender which came out was in March 2015 to upgrade its servers.
WHERE IS ORGANISED SPATIAL DATA?

National GIS at National Informatics Centre:
Still dont know what is this for. Website suggests no updation. Or if currently any work is going on, we have no clue about it. As it is tough to get te info about it.
👉 http://googleweblight.com/?lite_url=http://atlas.gisserver.nic.in/default.htm&lc=en-IN&s=1&m=345&ts=1445249019&sig=APONPFlfNyJdHy9DDcqq4jOjsAxW351Xtw

BHUVAN:
Only Place which promises some availablility of data. This website is maintained by ISRO. Here you can get all the Indian Satellite Products. Nice initiative and it is active. But where are the authenticate Shapefiles of Provinces, Cities and other important Civic things? Eg. Electoral Wards.
👉 http://bhuvan.nrsc.gov.in/data/download/index.php

Geological Survey of India:
Definitely a great place to buy toposheets. Also have some interactive GIS Maps on the site.
👉 gsi.gov.in

Some other links:
NATMO:
👉 http://googleweblight.com/?lite_url=http://natmo.gov.in/&ei=BBPL-L64&lc=en-IN&s=1&m=345&ts=1445267210&sig=APONPFmB25qCfBMwDlCqU_6iITq5s6h-gA

SOI:
👉 http://googleweblight.com/?lite_url=http://www.surveyofindia.gov.in/&ei=FZ4sWTG1&lc=en-IN&s=1&m=345&ts=1445267486&sig=APONPFkHMBbEdgOdCKddLXzrqxb9yV71LA

SAC:
👉 http://googleweblight.com/?lite_url=http://www.sac.gov.in/&ei=ouvl3irG&lc=en-IN&s=1&m=345&ts=1445267679&sig=APONPFkHVsIWT_QbgDOgIEaLz7TIdu9Vtg

* Bhuvan comes under Minstry of Forest and Environment.
* SOI & GSI, NATMO Comes under Earth and Science Department.
* NIC comes under Ministry of Communication and IT.

Excuse Me all Respective Ministries, I want a Shapefile of Administrative area of Pune Municipal Corporation. Who can give me???
Where is “Oraganised” data (Spatial)?
What I think is, there is a need of “Open Source Spatial Data” under one roof.

There is no base data available for India. And this is the high time and best opportunity for government. Under a great initiative named Digital India”, we can definitely create this huge huge huge data. Gis data itself will be a miracle. Because of the hugeness of our Country. This data under one roof can help a lot. To the People of India and All agencies working on Government Projects.
👉 data.gov.in
a great initiative by Indian Government. If we can get spatial data on this website, it would be an excellent thing.

I think government should take a project to create all the Spatial base data of India. This data creation opportunities can also give a chance for small Entrepreneurs to settle down. Because these Entrepreneurs are the future of this Industry in India. This data creation project can definitely help in “Skill Development” Programme. This project will encourage Students to become an entrepreneur.  These entrepreneurs will be the next generation, which will create jobs. Automatically the problem of unemployement will also get reduced.

I HOPE MY MESSAGE WILL REACH TO MY GOVERNMENT THROUGH THIS BLOG. AND I AM ALSO SURE THAT, VERY SOON MY GOVERNMENT WILL THINK OF IT AND TAKE AN ACTION ON IT.

So In short, I am very optimistic about the future of GIS in India. I am sure very soon we will be using our own people’s brain for our own INDIA’s development.

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